India plans to have its own space station

India plans to have its personal space station in the future and conduct separate missions to study Sun and Venus, it mentioned on Thursday, as the nation moves to bolster its status as a leader in space technologies and inspire the young minds to take an interest in scientific fields.

India’s space agency mentioned now that it will commence operating on its space station following its very first manned mission to space, named Gaganyaan (which signifies “space vehicle” in Sanskrit), in 2022 — just in time to commemorate 75 years of the nation’s independence from Britain. The government has sanctioned Rs 10,000 crores ($1.5 billion) for Gaganyaan mission, it was unveiled now.

“We have to sustain the Gaganyaan program after the launch of the human space mission. In this context, India is planning to have its own space station,” mentioned Dr Kailasavadivoo Sivan, chairman of Indian Space Analysis Organization (ISRO). ISRO is India’s equivalent to NASA.

“While navigation, communication, and earth observation are going to be the bread and butter for us, it is missions such as Chandrayaan (Sanskrit for “moon vehicle”), Mangalyaan (Sanskrit for “Mars vehicle”), and Gaganyaan that excite the youth, unite the nation, and also pave a technological seed for the future.”

“This is our ambition. We want to have a separate space station. We will launch a small module for conducting microgravity experiments,” he mentioned in a press conference. Gaganyaan aims to send a crew of two to 3 men and women to space for a period of up to seven days. The spacecraft will be placed in low earth orbit of 300-400 km (186 – 248 miles).

The agency will submit a detailed report on how it intends to set up the space station to the government immediately after the Gaganyaan mission. It at present believes it would take 5 to seven years to conceptualize the space station.

On the sidelines of the announcement, ISRO also unveiled Aditya-L1, a mission to study the Sun’s corona that impacts the modify in climate on Earth, for the very first half of subsequent year, and a equivalent mission aimed at Venus, which it plans to conduct more than the subsequent couple of years. “Not only Sun and moon, we hope to reach other planets, like Venus,” he mentioned.

The ambitious announcements come a day immediately after the space agency mentioned it will launch a lunar mission on July 15 this year in an try to turn out to be only the fourth nation — immediately after the United States, Russia, and China — to land on the moon.

That mission, dubbed Chandrayaan-2, requires a lander, an orbiter, and a rover that the agency has constructed itself. India concluded its very first mission to the moon in 2008, when it completed a lot more than 3,400 orbits and played an instrumental function in the discovery of water molecules on the moon.

India’s space agency has specialized in low-expense space launches due to the fact the early 1960s, when elements of rockets have been transported by bicycles and assembled by hands. In 2014, it sent a spacecraft to Mars for $74 million, considerably reduce than $671 million the U.S. spent for a Mars mission the exact same year. In early 2017, the nation launched a flock of 104 satellites into space more than the course of 18 minutes, setting a new international record.